Major traditional festivals of Taiwan 2/4: 清明節 [Qīng míng jié]
This page deepens your understanding of “清明節” [Qīng míng jié] (Qingming Festival) which is one of the four major traditional festivals in Taiwan and the biggest festival in Spring.
What is 清明節 [Qīng míng jié] ?
清明節 [Qīng míng jié] (Qingming Festival) is a period of the 節氣 [Jié qì] (the 24 solar terms).
A day to clean the ancestor’s grave. The biggest festival in Spring.
Origin of 清明節 [Qīng míng jié]
Before the Warring States period, it was a festival called 上巳節 [Shàng sì jié] (The Double Third Festival). During the Warring States period, it changed to 寒食節 [Hán shí jié] (the Cold Food Festival). They are fused with the times, and it continues to the present as a day when respect ancestors and unite family. It is called 清明節 [Qīng míng jié] (Qingming Festival) because this period is 清明 [Qīng míng] (Qingming) on the 24 solar terms.
In Taiwan, the customs of sweeping graves differ depending on the ethnic groups such as 閩南人 [Mǐn nán rén], 客家人 [Kè jiā rén] (Hakka), 外省人 [Wài xǐng rén] (Chinese immigrants), and 原住民 [Yuán zhù mín] (indigenous).
In 1935, the government established the Qingming Festival as a national holiday, and it was formally nationwide.
Customs of 清明節 [Qīng míng jié]
• Worship God of the lands.
• Visit the ancestor’s grave.
• Relatives get together and have some meal.
Summary of 清明節 [Qīng míng jié]
清明節 [Qīng míng jié] (Qingming Festival) is the day when all the relatives meet and visit the graves of their ancestors.